But the new government’s prime minister, Ismail Haniya of Hamas, said that “resistance in all its forms” to occupation is “a legitimate right” of all Palestinians. This clear and continuing contradiction is one of the fault lines running through the new unity government. In speeches to the Palestinian Legislative Council, meeting Saturday by video hookup both here and in Gaza City, Abbas and Haniya stood by their party positions. Abbas appealed to Israelis and their government “to take the road of a just peace by resuming negotiations” with him in order to “give future generations a hope of peaceful coexistence and put an end to the suffering and the cycle of violence.” But Haniya said that resistance to Israeli occupation would continue, though he said his government would seek “to consolidate and broaden” to the West Bank an often-broken truce with Israel in the Gaza Strip. Israeli leaders say that Haniya has to enforce the Gaza truce and stop rocket fire into Israel before they will discuss the West Bank. Haniya also said he would work to accomplish a prisoner exchange with Israel. Abbas had promised that a captured soldier would be released before this government was formed. Fatah, which is secular, and Hamas, which is Islamist, have labored for months to come up with a form of consensus, but it is a consensus that does not end their fundamental rivalry for power or even apply to their core beliefs. Abbas and Fatah are committed to negotiating a final two-state solution with Israel. Haniya said Saturday that he would work to establish an independent Palestinian state, with Jerusalem as its capital, along the 1967 boundaries, which are the armistice lines of an unresolved war that began in 1948. But Hamas has made clear that it will not recognize Israel’s right to exist alongside as an independent state, and is willing to grant Israel only a temporary truce. Israel has said it will not deal with the government or its members, and there is no international consensus just now, with European countries suggesting they might have contact with ministers who do not belong to Hamas or other organizations considered terrorist groups. France has invited the new foreign minister, Ziad Abu Amr, to Paris, and British officials have said that they are considering dealings with ministers like Amr and Finance Minister Salam Fayyad. Both were educated in the United States. Fayyad has worked at the International Monetary Fund and has previously served as finance minister for the Palestinian Authority. The European Union will also debate whether to resume payments to the government through Fayyad, instead of its current policy of subsidizing employees with deposits to their bank accounts or through the Abbas office. Of the Palestinian Authority’s 132 legislators, only 87 were able to gather Saturday, and 83 voted to ratify the government. Forty-one legislators, including 37 from Hamas and the parliamentary speaker, Aziz Dweik, are in Israel jails. The Hamas members were arrested in the West Bank for belonging to an illegal organization, even though they ran openly as Hamas members. Family members sat in their seats, holding up their photos. Another four were absent – some sick, some wanted by Israel, including a Fatah leader from Nablus, Nasser Joumaa. Among legislators, there was general support for the government, but many put down their names to speak before voting. Saeb Erekat, also an aide to Abbas and a negotiator, was critical of Haniya’s speech for being less a government program than a partisan address. “This is a coalition, and I hoped Haniya’s speech would be more than a campaign speech,” he said. “I wanted to hear dates and timetables, to hear him say give me 100 days or even 1,000 days to end the chaos and lawlessness.”160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! RAMALLAH, West Bank – The Palestinian legislature, with a third of its members in Israeli jails, met here and in Gaza by video conference and ratified a new national unity government Saturday. The new government, ratified by a show of hands, is dominated by Hamas but incorporates members of Fatah and other parties, as well as independents. But already Saturday there were cracks visible. The president of the Palestinian Authority, Mahmoud Abbas of Fatah, told the lawmakers that Palestinians reject “all forms of violence” and want a permanent settlement with Israel.