APTN National NewsOTTAWA — Aboriginal languages continue to survive in off-reserve First Nations homes, according to a new national study released Thursday.The Statistics Canada study found that one in five First Nations children aged two to five and living off-reserve could understand an Aboriginal language.The federal agency said that Cree and Ojibway languages were understood by the largest number of children.The study was based on data from the 2006 Aboriginal Children’s Survey.According to the 2006 census, there were 57,110 First Nations children aged between two and five living on and off reserve across Canada.The federal agency also found that 98 per cent of off-reserve children who understood an Aboriginal language also knew a non-Aboriginal language. English and French were the primary languages spoken in the homes of 90 per cent of off-reserve First Nations children, the study said.The federal agency reported that about one in 10 off-reserve First Nations children were spoken to primarily in an Aboriginal language at home and eight per cent had a mix of an Aboriginal tongue along with English and French. Only one per cent of children were spoken to exclusively in an Aboriginal language.The study found that being exposed to an Aboriginal language daily at home, having child care arrangements where an Aboriginal language is used, having at least one parent who spoke an Aboriginal mother tongue or having parents who believed in the importance of Aboriginal languages increased the likelihood that a child would develop the ability to speak a traditional tongue.Frequent hunting, camping, fishing and trapping activities were also found to be linked to a child’s ability to speak an Aboriginal language, the study found.
The defense budget request will include a $9 billion emergency fund, Defense News reported, citing sources familiar with the budget. At least $2 billion of that would be used for rebuilding and repairing infrastructure hit by storms, said its sources, who added that number may go up.President Trump is demanding – via his national emergency declaration – that DOD divert military construction funding to build a border wall.DOD has said it will ask Congress to re-fund any milcon projects delayed to prioritize the wall, but many on both sides of the aisle see that as a congressional work-around.“We’re given the authority to appropriate, and the President is saying, essentially: ‘I don’t like what you’ve appropriated. I’ll just take the money and move it elsewhere,’” Sen. Jack Reed (D-R.I.), the top Democrat on the Senate Armed Services Committee, said, according to Defense News. “We’re setting up for a constitutional issue of significant importance.”The Senate is expected this week to join the House in passing a resolution that would nullify the emergency declaration, but there is unlikely enough support to override a promised veto.School construction last month at Maxwell Air Force Base, Ala. U.S. Air Force photo by William Birchfield ADC AUTHOR